Introduction of Psychometric Test
In the very beginning let us start by understanding what the phrase ‘Psychometric Test’ means. A psychometric test is a test designed to show someone’s personality, mental ability, opinions, etc.
Human psychology has always been a subject of interest for researchers, and many scientists and researchers have tried to come up with various theories about human psychology and is colloquially referred to as the ‘human nature’. They have tried to define various frameworks to define human psychology like Six Thinking Hats, Big 5 Personalities, etc.
Psychometric tests have been derived from such models and theories of human psychology.
Psychometric assessments are used for various applications and entrance tests or screening tests, for example:
During this selection process, it would be advantageous for recruiters and selectors to know the nature of the person apart from the skill sets or academic credentials.
Avoid the Cost of Wrong Hiring
According to the latest studies, the cost associated with faulty hiring for middle-level jobs to managerial level jobs can hamper the growth of the organization.
This cost may vary based on position and post for which the employee is recruited. According to a Career Builder study, wrong hiring may cost your organization around $7000 to $10,000 for a junior level or middle level or managerial position.
If you want to avoid wrong hiring then standardizing your organization’s recruitment process with custom psychometric tests and other assessment practices can be your way forward.
How can you test the human psychology?
There are hundreds of psychological studies which have been conducted by scientists across the world. Study of human psychology involves the study of behavioural aspects of people.
Following are some of the factors evaluated in the psychometric tests conducted by organizations during the selection or recruitment process:
- Decision Making Ability
- Learning New things
- Communication Skill
- Team Skill (Interpersonal Skills)
- Analytical Ability
All the above-mentioned factors are related to human psychology. It may not be possible to test the entirety of human psychology at particular given point of time, as these skills evolve with experience, time and learning.
But the test can surely provide useful insights in terms of the ability of the individual at a particular time.
Difference between Intelligence Quotient and Emotional Quotient
Intelligence Quotient or IQ, a term coined by German psychologist William Stern for the German term Intelligenzquotient, is the measure of an individual’s intelligence. It is calculated with the help of several standardized tests designed to evaluate human intelligence.
The IQ test assesses individuals ability to learn, understand and process information and draw conclusions, logical reasoning, word comprehension, mathematical skills, abstract and spatial skills, ability to filter irrelevant information, etc.
Emotional Quotient, on the other hand, is the measure of the individual’s ability to perceive, control, evaluate and express emotions.
People with high EQ can manage their emotions better, use their emotions to facilitate thinking, understand emotional meanings and accurately perceive others’ emotions.
In the workplace, the Emotional Quotient or EQ is used to identify if the employee is a team player or not, their leadership abilities and abilities to build and maintain relations with colleagues and clients, how well they collaborate with others and how often do they take a new initiative.
Intelligence Quotient or IQ is used to determine the employee’s ability to deal with challenging tasks, ability to analyze situations and connect dots, research and development, etc.
The EQ tests and IQ tests are making emergence in the hiring or recruiting processes of many organizations. Both of these tests help organizations understand the character and the personality of the employee and often the results of these tests play an important role in the decision to hire the candidate or not.
Many organizations have made it compulsory for employees to take an EQ test before joining since the latest research has shown that there is a relation between higher EQ and successful employees.
The EQ tests help organizations determine and identify if the candidate is a leader and/or a team player, if the candidate works best alone or if the candidate faces any social challenges.
The IQ tests help organizations identify highly gifted or capable individuals, understand the intellectual capacity of the candidate or individuals with special needs.
A few reputed EQ tests are the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Test, a test on emotion-based problem-solving tasks and the Daniel Goleman model Score which based on emotional competencies.
A few reputed IQ tests are the Stanford-Binet test, the Wechsler test and the Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Cognitive Abilities.
What exactly are Psychometric Assessments?
Psychometric assessment is a test which is used to generate a basic understanding of a person’s personality and behavioural aspects. It is typically a Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) based objective test in which the candidate needs to select one option from the available set of 4 to 5 options for each question.
The result analysis is done based on the questions and topics to come up with a mathematical scoring sheet.
The score range is used to analyse individual in terms of working style, interpersonal skills, personality (introvert, extrovert) quotient etc.
Types of Psychometric Assessments
There are various types of psychometric tests or assessments available. These tests can be customized as per the requirement of the organization or entity.
The Personality Assessment test is used during the recruitment process of the employees for the organization. It can be applicable for employees across multiple levels, right from the junior level to managerial level.
A Personality Assessment test can help to analyze the following traits:
Ability to learn new things Emotional Intelligence Sociability
Ability to learn new things
The Leadership Assessment is typically used during the hiring of a senior-level employee or filling up a managerial position in the organization. Leadership Psychometric Assessment typically is used to analyze the candidate for the following traits:
Psychometric test vs Aptitude test
Aptitude Tests have been a popular tool to evaluate candidates for exams like Management School Entrance, selection of entry-level, freshers recruitment of employees for the organization.
An aptitude test can provide you with an insight into the ability of the individual in terms of analytical ability, ability to comprehend information, accuracy associated with interpreting information, mathematical or number-crunching ability.
However, Aptitude Tests have limitations in terms of identifying various personality or behavioural traits of the individual.
Psychometric Tests can help rectify the shortcomings of the Aptitude Test. These tests can help you to identify the personality traits of an individual along with their liking and preferences in terms of working in a team or a client-facing role etc.
A combination of an Aptitude Test and a Psychometric Test can help you to get a detailed analysis of the abilities, skills and personality of the individual. It can be helpful during the decision making or the selection process.
What is involved in a psychometric test?
Psychometric test is typically an objective Multiple Choice Questions(MCQs) test in which candidates are asked to answer questions and they need to select a response according to their preference, nature. There are no right or wrong answers for most of the questions.
Answer options are weighted according to behavioural aspects.
Certain options may have 4 marks, other options can have 2 marks, some of the options might have zero marks assigned. At the end of the test, candidates can get a weighted score of their performance and it can help to you analyze these personality traits for the various selection processes or decision making.
What is psychometric testing in recruitment?
Psychometric tests are being increasingly used for recruitment purposes. Understanding leadership and working in the team are key aspects which play a role in the career of anyone.
These factors are especially important in case of recruitment of mid-level to senior-level employees.
Psychometric tests in recruitment help to identify basic traits or nature of the human being like being an introvert or an extrovert, team player or individual performer.
The outcome of the test is useful to decide the suitability of the candidate for various job roles like a team leader, research engineer, R&D, quality assurance etc.
What type of questions are asked in a psychometric test?
The psychometric test is comprised of multiple-choice questions where you need to select one or more suitable option choices from the list of available choices shown for the particular question. Questions are framed in such a way where you are supposed to select an answer (or answers) according to your nature.
Consider the following questions:
Question: I prefer working in a silent place for doing research work.
- Some times
- Most of the times
Question: I am a team player who enjoys working in the team
- Some times
- Most of the times
User responses for the above 2 questions can be helpful to understand the nature of the person and if a person enjoys working in a team or suitable for research-oriented work.
Is an IQ test a psychometric test?
IQ test (Intelligent Quotient) is specifically defined to know your capability in terms of intellectuality. It helps to identify the problem-solving skills, thinking skills, puzzle-solving capability and such abilities of an individual.
A psychometric test is designed to understand personality traits like leadership quality, teamwork capability, nature of the person (introvert, extrovert) etc.
Psychometric tests focus on soft skills and nature of the individual while an IQ test focuses on the intellectual capacity of the person.
Career Assessment Psychometric Tests
Psychometric tests have been increasingly becoming popular during the assessment and identification of preferences for students related to particular career choices.
Students who are pursuing their undergraduate course or in 12th standard find it an attractive option to assess their likings, preferences and abilities related to a particular career option.
Career Preference Assessment is designed in the form of Multiple Choice Questions(MCQs) where students or candidates need to provide their response to the question based on their preference.
At the end of the test, the system analyzes all responses and comes up with the cumulative scores for various segments like creativity, routine task, ability to complete certain tasks etc. The system can provide some suggestions or insights about career likings of the candidate based on the various sectional scores.
The key to getting accurate results or analysis from such a test is to provide your honest opinions and responses to the questions.
Honest responses can uncover a lot of strong and weak areas of the individual and it can help them realize their hidden potential.
Psychometric Assessment Using Technology
Personality test or psychometric test can be designed, conducted and managed using technology. Thanks to Online Assessment Platforms, you can easily customize and design online tests according to your needs.
You can classify questions based on a particular topic like Team Building, Sales Management, Pre Sales Management, Technical Support etc. Questions can also be classified based on topics like cognitive abilities, adaptive behaviour etc.
You can define a test which can help you understand the candidate’s temperament, adaptive behaviour and cognitive abilities.
What is Cognitive Ability?
First, let us try to understand the meaning of the word cognition.
The dictionary meaning of the word cognition is:
“The mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses.”
Cognitive ability test refers to the ability of the individual to understand the information presented in various formats like discussions, interactions, videos, life and work experiences, challenges to tackle particular things, learning new things from case studies, experiences of other people, etc.
Can you Test Cognitive Ability?
Cognitive ability test can help to identify if a particular person has the ability to learn new things and quickly adapt to new processes, new tasks and new innovations in the organization.
For any organization, innovation and adopting new technologies is the key for continued and lasting growth. When you are recruiting new employees, it would be useful to understand the cognitive ability of the person to know their attention span, ability to learn new things and quickly implement them.
You can define online tests with gamification to identify the attention span of the individual or ability of the individual to focus on a particular thing.
Let us consider the following example for cognitive ability
Identify and match above sequence with one of the below sequences which match it.
Total time assigned for this question can be, say, 3 to 4 seconds. Such a test would evaluate the ability of the individual to recognize a pattern of words shown and the ability to quickly match this pattern with the options provided.
You can easily check the ability of the individual to quickly comprehend the information provided. Many organizations are coming up with cognitive ability tests to know in detail the cognitive ability of the individual, will to learn new things and overall mental capability.
This test is helping organizations to select suitable candidate during hiring or promotion activity.
Psychometric test for entrepreneurs
There are tests designed in such a way that they would enable you to assess the entrepreneurship ability of the individual. Entrepreneurship involves multitasking roles and your ability to work in a team, ability to motivate the team, financial management, perseverance would be tested.
One of the leading multinational companies, Essilor has come up with a unique test which can evaluate entrepreneurship ability of the individual. Such tests have been used to identify if a person is suitable to run their franchise operations at a particular location.
Whenever the company gets a franchise application, the applicant is supposed to appear for an Entrepreneurship Ability Test which helps the organisation in making the decision to award a franchise for the particular location or city. You can read the details of the case study here
What our happy customer has to say about our Psychometric Assessments?
We have been using Eklavvya platform for assessing the Entrepreneurial Propensity of the candidates for enrollment into our flagship Eye Mitra Opticians program.
Our award-winning Eye Mitra Opticians program aims to help address the issue of 55 crore cases of uncorrected refractive error in India by creating a network of optical micro-entrepreneurs in rural India.
They provide primary vision care services through their micro-franchise outlet as well as by conducting community screening events.
The biggest challenge we face is getting the right candidate with required entrepreneurial capacity and business acumen.
To overcome this, we have devised a propensity test (kind of a basic psychometric test with no right or wrong answer) to test the fitment of the candidate.
We rolled this out using the Eklavvya platform and subsequently, our manual activities involved in the process have been reduced considerably.
The platform is quite user-friendly and caters to our requirement of candidate registration, multi-lingual support, image proctoring, report generation etc.
We look forward to a continued support from the Eklavvya team. Thanks
Psychometric tests or personality tests are evolving quickly with the help of technology. Many organizations have reported better decision making process and analysis of the individual using scientifically defined online tests to evaluate personality, problem-solving ability of the individual.
Psychometric tests are helping organizations to save the time of evaluating the individual candidates and it is helping to reduce bias during the hiring or interviewing process.
Following are some of the benefits of psychometric tests
1. It saves time for the evaluation of candidate.
Psychometric Assessments will give a detailed profile and analysis of the candidate. Recruiters and employers can use this analysis of the candidate’s personality traits and decide whether the candidate is the right fit for the position or not, or which different position can fit him/her the best.
2. You can get an idea of the personality and behavioural traits of the individual
Getting a detailed analysis and profile of the candidate’s various personality traits, you gain a better and deeper understanding of the candidate as an individual and as an employee.
You, with this information, can now find the right position or post for the employee and help them unlock their full potential. This will help both the employee and your organization.
Additionally, psychometric assessments can help greatly in increasing employee engagement in the workplace. Employee engagement means that employees are fully engaged in their work and they are enthusiastic about it.
The HR department can use the data from the psychometric assessment to help increase employee engagement in the workplace.
3. It can save time and cost during the hiring
Recruiting new employees can be a time consuming and costly process. If you have received numerous applications for one post, or if your recruiting for multiple posts and have received multiple applications, the recruitment process can drag on for a long time and become costly.
Incorporating a psychometric assessment will help you standardize the process and make it less time consuming and save costs.
Psychometric assessments are quick and give instantaneous results. This means that recruiters can make their mind up about hiring a particular employee with ease and quickly, without wasting time on unnecessary deliberation.
4. Online Psychometric Assessments are easy to design and are cheap and don’t take too long to attempt.
This means that your organization will benefit by saving time and money by implementing psychometric assessments in your recruiting process.
5. You can eliminate judgemental errors or mistakes of wrong hiring
This is perhaps one of the best advantages of having a psychometric assessment in your recruiting and selection process. You will understand the candidate’s nature and it will aid you in making the right decision.
By incorporating psychometric assessments, recruiters do not depend solely on interviews for recruitment. A candidate can be perfectly suitable for the job but might not be able to make a good impression in the interview due to multiple factors like nervousness, fluency in the language of the interview and time.
The opposite can happen too, a candidate may very well make a good impression in the interview but may prove not to be very suitable for the job after they have started working with the organization.
As we discussed at the beginning of the article, hiring a wrong employee can cost your organization anywhere between US$7000 to US$10,000. By using a psychometric assessment you can avoid this mistake in hiring and save money!
Selection / Hiring Process can be standardized for the organization.
Once you have designed and customiszed the psychometric assessment for your organization, you don’t need to change them much or at all.
These assessments set a benchmark for the assessment of candidates and this standard remains the same for future employees, making the hiring process fair and less prone to mistakes.
Do you want to design a Psychometric Assessment for your organization?
Eklavvya is an award-winning platform used by hundreds of organizations and universities to conduct assessments and examinations.
You can subscribe to Eklavvya platform and design your own custom psychometric test to simplify the evaluation and assessment process for your organization.